2011-02-16

The Vetus Latina Hispana of Ayuso

In 1953, Teófilo Ayuso Marazuela published the first volume of his Vetus Latina Hispana. It was an ambitious project, presumably with government funding, to recover the bible texts that circulated in Iberia before the introduction of Jerome's Vulgate. It was in direct rivalry with the Vetus Latina that was being reconstructed at the Abbey of Beuron in Germany, and it was awarded a prize (marked on the title page) in the name of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco.

Ayuso devised his own numbering system for the codices and other manuscripts he used. The numbers seem to have fallen completely out of use, but are still essential in reading scholarly Spanish articles of the period, in particular Ayuso's own writing, about biblical manuscripts. Since the numbers seem to be nowhere on the internet, I am tabulating them online in the hope they can be of service to modern scholars.

The left column comprises the VLH or Ayuso numbers themselves, followed by the abbreviations commonly used and the sequence numbers for each manuscript of the same provenance. For example, Leg2 or Legionense2 is the Codex gothicus. Burgense1 is the Burgos Bible, also called Biblia de San Pedro de Cardena. The last column lists the (1953) locations of the manuscripts.




1 Guelf


Vaticano -Guelferbitano Vaticano
2 Tur


Turonense Paris
3 Fragm. To


Fragmentos toledanos Toledo
4 Freís


Fragmentos de Freising München
5 Palimps


Palimpsesto de León León
6 Ottob


Ottoboniano Vaticano
7 Lugd 1 Lugdunense Lyon
8 Lugd 2 Lugdunense Paris
9 Escu 1 Eseurialense El Escorial
10 Ov 1 Ovetense (Desaparecido) Oviedo
11 Luxeuil


Leccionario de Luxeuil Paris
12 Ov 2 Ovetense (Desaparecido) Oviedo. Escorial
13 Cav


Cavense Cava
14 Cav dpdo


Cavense duplicado Vaticano
15 To 1 Toledano Madrid
16 To dpdo


Toledano duplicado Vaticano
17 Co 1 Complutense Madrid
18 Co 2 Complutense Madrid
19 Leg 1 Legionense León
20 On


Oniense Salamanca
21 Leg 2 Legionense León
22 Leg dpdo


Legionense duplicado Vaticano
23 Leg 3 Legionense supuesto (Desaparecido) León
24 Emil 1 Emilianense Madrid
25 Burg 1 Burgense Burgos
26 Valv


Valvanerense (Desaparecido) Escorial
27 To 2 Toledano Toledo
28 Pin


Pinatense Madrid
29 Moz


Breviario Mozárabe Madrid
30 Psalt 1 Salterio Madrid
31 Psalt 2 Salterio Madrid
32 Psalt 3 Salterio Madrid
33 Psalt 4 Salterio London
34 Psalt 5 Salterio Nogent-sur-Marne
35 Psalt 6 Salterio Escorial
36 Psalt 7 Salterio Madrid
37 Psalt 8 Salterio Santiago
38 Cant


Liber Canticorum Madrid
39 Com 1 Liber Commicus Toledo
40 Com 2 Liber Commicus París
41 Com 3 Liber Commicus León
42 Com 4 Liber Commicus Madrid
43 Seg 1 Seguntino Sigüenza
44 Esc 2 Escurialense El Escorial
45 Tolos 1 Tolosano Toulouse
46 Tolos 2 Tolosano Toulouse
46* Esc


Escurialense Misceláneo (not a bible) El Escorial
47 Lugd 3 Lugdunense Lyon
48 Teod


Teodulfiano Paris
49 Anic


Aniciense Le Puy
50 Bern


Bernense Bern
51 Hub


Hubertiano London
52 Sang


Sangermanense Paris
53 Sang


Sangermanense Paris
54 Sang


Sangermanense Paris
55 Riq


Saint Riquier Paris
56 Laud


Laudiano Oxford
57 Mon


Monacense München
58 Aur


Aureo Escorial
59 Cas 1 Casinense Monte Cassino
60 Cas 2 Casinense Monte Cassino
61 Cas 3 Casinense Monte Cassino
62 Cas 4 Casinense Monte Cassino
63 To 3 Toledano Toledo
64 Matr 2 Matritense Madrid
65 Matr 3 Matritense Madrid
66 Matr 4 Matritense Madrid
67 Matr 5 Matritense Madrid
68 Matr 6 Matritense Madrid
69 Matr 7 Matritense Madrid
70 Matr 8 Matritense Madrid
71 Purp


Purpúreo (Desaparacido) Urgel
72 Urg


Urgelense Urgel
73 Rip


Ripollense Vaticano
74 Roa


Rodense Paris
75 Vic 1 Vicense Vich
76 Vic 2 Vicense Vich
77 Vic 3 Vicense Vich
78 Vic 4 Vicense Vich
79 Par 1 Parisiense Paris
80 Par 2 Parisiense Paris
81 Par 3 Parisiense Paris
82 Esc 3 Escurialense El Escorial
83 Mall


Malloricense Palma
84 Leg 3 Legionense León
85 Leg 4 Legionense León
86 Leg 5 Legionense León
87 Leg 6 Legionense León
88 Leg 7 Legionense León
89 Osc


Oscense Madrid
90 Matr 9 Matritense Madrid
91 Burg 2 Burgense Burgos
92 Burg 3 Burgense Burgos
93 Cal


Calagurritano Calahorra
94 Emil 2 Emilianense Madrid
95 Ler


llerdense Lérida
96 Co 2 Complutenses Madrid
97 Av


Avilense Madrid
98 Esc 4 Escurialense El Escorial
99 Alf


Alfonsino (Desaparacido) Barcelona?
100 Avig


Avignoniense (Desaparcido) Avignon?
101 Barc 1 Barcinonense Barcelona
102 Barc 2 Barcinonense Barcelona
103 Barc 3 Barcinonense Barcelona
104 Barc 4 Barcinonense Barcelona
105 Barc 5 Barcinonense Barcelona
106 Bil 1 Bilbilitano Calatayud
107 Bil 2 Bilbilitano Calatayud
108 Burg 4 Burgense Burgos
109 Burg 5 Burgense Burgos
110 Cal


Calagurritano Calahorra
111 Conc


Concentainense Concentaina
112 Dar


Darocense Daroca
113 Esc 5 Escurialense El Escorial
114 Esc 6 Escurialense El Escorial
115 Esc 7 Escurialense El Escorial
116 Esc 8 Escurialense El Escorial
117 Esc 9 Escurialense El Escorial
118 Esc 10 Escurialense El Escorial
119 Esc 11 Escurialense El Escorial
120 Esc 12 Escurialense El Escorial
121 Esc 13 Escurialense El Escorial
122 Esc 14 Escurialense El Escorial
123 Esc 15 Escurialense El Escorial
124 Esc 16 Escurialense El Escorial
125 Esc 17 Escurialense El Escorial
126 Esc 18 Escurialense El Escorial
127 Esc 19 Escurialense El Escorial
128 Esc 20 Escurialense El Escorial
129 Esc 21 Escurialense El Escorial
130 Esc 22 Escurialense El Escorial
131 Esc 23 Escurialense El Escorial
132 Esc 24 Escurialense El Escorial
133 Esc 25 Escurialense El Escorial
134 Esc 26 Escurialense El Escorial
135 Hisp


Hispalense Sevilla
136 Mall 2 Malloricense Palma
137 Mall 3 Malloricense Palma
138 Matr 10 Matritense Madrid
139 Matr 11 Matritense Madrid
140 Matr 12 Matritense Madrid
141 Matr 13 Matritense Madrid
142 Matr 14 Matritense Madrid
143 Matr 15 Matritense Madrid
144 Matr 16 Matritense Madrid
145 Matr 17 Matritense Madrid
146 Matr 18 Matritense Madrid
147 Matr 19 Matritense Madrid
148 Matr 20 Matritense Madrid
149 Matr 21 Matritense Madrid
150 Matr 22 Matritense Madrid
151 Matr 23 Matritense Madrid
152 Matr 24 Matritense Madrid
153 Matr 25 Matritense Madrid
154 Matr 26 Matritense Madrid
155 Matr 27 Matritense Madrid
156 Matr 28 Matritense Madrid
157 Matr 29 Matritense Madrid
158 Matr 30 Matritense Madrid
159 Matr 31 Matritense Madrid
160 Matr 32 Matritense Madrid
161 Matr 33 Matritense Madrid
162 Matr 34 Matritense Madrid
163 Matr 35 Matritense Madrid
164 Matr 36 Matritense Madrid
165 Matr 37 Matritense Madrid
166 Matr 38 Matritense Madrid
167 Oxorm


Oxomense Burgo de Osma
168 Par 4 Parisiense Paris
169 Plas 1 Plasentino Plasencia
170 Plas 2 Plasentino Plasencia
171 Salm


Salmanticense Salamanca
172 Segov


Segoviense Segovia
173 Segunt


Seguntino Sigüenza
174 Ser


Serenense Villanueva de la Serena
175 Sor


Soriano Soria
176 Tar


Tarraconense Tarragona
177 Tir


Tirasonense Tarazona
178 To 4 Toledano Toledo
179 To 5 Toledano Toledo
180 To 6 Toledano Toledo
181 To 7 Toledano Toledo
182 To 8 Toledano Toledo
183 To 9 Toledano Toledo
184 To 10 Toledano Toledo
185 To 11 Toledano Toledo
186 To 12 Toledano Toledo
187 To 13 Toledano Toledo
188 To 14 Toledano Toledo
189 To 15 Toledano Toledo
190 To 16 Toledano Toledo
191 To 17 Toledano Toledo
192 To 18 Toledano Toledo
193 To 19 Toledano Toledo
194 To 20 Toledano Toledo
195 Urg 2 Urgelitano Urgel
196 Urg 3 Urgelitano Urgel
197 Valent 1 Valentino Valencia
198 Valent 2 Valentino Valencia
199 Valent 3 Valentino Valencia
200 Valent 4 Valentino Valencia
201 Valv 2 Valvanerense Valvanera
202 Vat


Vaticano Vaticano
203 Zar 1 Zaragozano Zaragoza
204 Zar 2 Zaragozano Zaragoza

You are welcome to copy my list and reproduce it as you wish, though a credit would be appreciated. As far as I can assess, the list in the book can no longer be subject to copyright, and in any case I have modified it to present it here on the web.
There is one peculiarity, perhaps a lapse in attention by Ayuso. Pages 25-6 (IV. Lista de codices espanoles o de origen hispanico estudiados, numeros y siglas correspondientes) list 203 sources only, while pages 347-83 (Los manuscritos bíblicos espanoles) contain a list that is one element longer (204). The extra item in the latter list comes at position number 113, Escurialense5, which is inexplicably missed from the summary table, so that every item below it is displaced by one position when the two lists are compared. In the above tabulation, I have followed the numbering on pages 347-83, since this seems to be correct. Perhaps there is an errata page, or a handwritten correction, in a copy in a Spanish library, and I would be grateful to anyone willing to check this. But there is no such correction in the Hamburg State Library copy, which is kept in the city's Bergedorf stack and does not seem to have been much used down the years.
[A later note:] Ayuso's earlier articles use quite different sigla, including A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, 7-8. These are apparently the items in the Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid (lines 64-69 above). A2 for example is the Bible of San Juan de la Peña, and these are listed in the print catalog (Tomo 1) here. His earlier "Bu" is the Burgos Bible in line 25, as noted above. Ayuso renumbered the León bibles, since 3 Legionense in line 23 is a lost one, whereas the Leg3 he had referred to in 1943 was clearly the Second León Bible which is very much in continued existence. In line 12, 2 Oventense is the lost Gospel Book of Justus which I discuss in another post.

1 comment :

  1. wow. thank you! very generous.

    ReplyDelete