Luke in Arabic

Among the old treasures just digitized is a 96-folio Gospel of Luke in Arabic translation. This little codex in a more-or-less square format can be precisely dated to the year 993. Here is a detail of Luke 20 from folio 79r:

At the Rome Reborn exhibition 20 years ago, the display note said, "This 10th-century Egyptian codex was donated to Pope Eugene IV by the Egyptian delegates at the Council of Florence. Translated from a Coptic original, it is one of the earliest Arabic versions of any part of the New Testament, none of which can be dated before the late eighth or ninth centuries."

Here is the full list of 54 items brought online on September 17, 2015. The stated total on the index page is now 2,725.
  1. Urb.lat.5, Giannozzo Manetti, Latin of Psalms
  2. Urb.lat.6, Giannozzo Manetti, Latin translation of NT
  3. Urb.lat.20, Acts, Catholic Epistles, Revelations, with commentary
  4. Urb.lat.22,
  5. Urb.lat.33, John Chrystostom, homilies
  6. Urb.lat.42, Ambrose of Milan, homilies
  7. Urb.lat.43, Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio Evangelica
  8. Urb.lat.44, Rufinus
  9. Urb.lat.46, Athanasius and Isidorus Mercator
  10. Urb.lat.48, Athanasius, plus anti-pope Anastasius
  11. Urb.lat.51, Damasus, Augustine of Hippo, Ambrose, letters
  12. Urb.lat.61, Basil the Great and Ennodius, various writings
  13. Urb.lat.67, Augustine of Hippo, De Doctrina Christiana, 12th-century manuscript
  14. Vat.ar.18, Gospel of Luke, featured in exhibition Rome Reborn
  15. Vat.ar.1784,
  16. Vat.ar.1785,
  17. Vat.ebr.127, Babylonian Talmud, Ashkenazic script
  18. Vat.ebr.141,Sefer Mordecai, including riddle by Judah ha-Levi, 14th century Italian
  19. Vat.ebr.142.pt.1, Halakhot Gedolot attributed to Simeon Kayyara
  20. Vat.ebr.156, Babylonian Talmud
  21. Vat.ebr.487, Fragments from 12 Hebrew manuscripts
  22. Vat.estr.or.31, Hô-laò-pê: portrait of Giovanni Mezzafalle, head of Catholic mission in China, seated with red hat
  23. Vat.et.28,
  24. Vat.gr.308.pt.1,
  25. Vat.gr.308.pt.2,
  26. Vat.lat.115, Minor prophets, with commentary
  27. Vat.lat.134, Gospel of John, with commentary
  28. Vat.lat.136, ditto
  29. Vat.lat.137, Acts of the Apostles, with commentary
  30. Vat.lat.148, Pauline epistles, annotated
  31. Vat.lat.149, Pauline epistles, annotated
  32. Vat.lat.151, Peter Lombard on the Pauline epistles, with this interesting illumination of an ambidextrous Peter, seemingly working with two pens on the opening page:
  33. Vat.lat.160, Nicholas of Lyra on the Old Testament
  34. Vat.lat.164, ditto
  35. Vat.lat.165, Nicholas of Lyra on the Prophets
  36. Vat.lat.173, Dionysius Areopagita
  37. Vat.lat.182, Lilius Tifernas on Philo
  38. Vat.lat.183, ditto
  39. Vat.lat.185, ditto
  40. Vat.lat.186, Basil the Great, homilies, plus Polycarp and John Chyrsostom
  41. Vat.lat.201, Cyprian of Carthage, 15th-century manuscript
  42. Vat.lat.202, Cyprian of Carthage
  43. Vat.lat.203, Cyprian of Carthage and Augustine of Hippo, minor works, 12th century
  44. Vat.lat.204, Origen, in Rufinus Latin translation, 11th and 15th century
  45. Vat.lat.206, Origen, in Rufinus Latin translation
  46. Vat.lat.212, Origen, in Rufinus and Jerome Latin translations
  47. Vat.lat.215, Lactantius
  48. Vat.lat.216, Lactantius
  49. Vat.lat.221, Lactantius
  50. Vat.lat.222, Lactantius
  51. Vat.lat.223, Lactantius
  52. Vat.lat.228, Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio evangelica
  53. Vat.lat.245, Jerome's Latin version of the Chronological Canons of Eusebius of Caesarea: this is not one of the principal sources, for which one can consult Roger Pearse's list
  54. Vat.lat.286, Ambrose of Milan, letters; this copy made in the 9th century at Vercelli, according to Zelzer, page 10
Here's a fine hunt detail from Vat.lat.151, to be found just over the portrait above of Peter Lombard:

Here's the foundation of Rome noted for Olympiad 6, as set out in the canons in Vat.lat. 245 (60r):

Follow me on Twitter for more news (@JBPiggin). If you can add details about any of these, please use the comments box below. [This is Piggin's Unofficial List 24.]

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