Textual Errors in Old Bibles

Modern literary scholarship has its roots in the painstaking work of medieval clergy to eliminate mutations in the text of the Bible. The Vatican Library has just digitized one of the great monuments of this rich scholarly past, the Correctorium Vaticanum, Vat.lat.3466.

This 13th-century compilation is by a Franciscan, Guillelmus Lamarensis, born about 1230. He is believed to have been an Englishman, so he may well have gone by the name William Delamare (see CERL). His work is introduced in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible.

The corrector was expert in Greek and Hebrew and devoted himself to the hunt for instances where the 13th century text was did not correctly reproduce the fifth-century Latin Vulgate translation by Jerome of Stridon. Such a project may have consumed much of his lifetime.

Last week 69 new manuscripts became available. Here is the full list:
  1. Barb.gr.411,
  2. Borg.ind.33,
  3. P.I.O.5,
  4. Ross.11,
  5. Ross.15,
  6. Vat.gr.1249,
  7. Vat.lat.901, "Amabile est a melioribus persuaderi ...", author Jacobus de Alexandria. See eTK
  8. Vat.lat.1548 (Upgraded to HQ), "Annus solaris qui magnus sepe vocatur...", (12c); .author Manfred. See eTK
  9. Vat.lat.1912,
  10. Vat.lat.2928,
  11. Vat.lat.2952,
  12. Vat.lat.2955,
  13. Vat.lat.2956,
  14. Vat.lat.2961,
  15. Vat.lat.3040 (Upgraded to HQ),
  16. Vat.lat.3458,
  17. Vat.lat.3466, Correctorim Vaticanum, see above
  18. Vat.lat.3468.pt.1, the other half of Ramon Llull's Arbor Scientiae, see last week's post.
  19. Vat.lat.3478,
  20. Vat.lat.3503,
  21. Vat.lat.3509.pt.2,
  22. Vat.lat.3517,
  23. Vat.lat.3519,
  24. Vat.lat.3522.pt.1,
  25. Vat.lat.3522.pt.2,
  26. Vat.lat.3524.pt.2,
  27. Vat.lat.3525,
  28. Vat.lat.3527,
  29. Vat.lat.3535,
  30. Vat.lat.3538,
  31. Vat.lat.3546,
  32. Vat.lat.3547 (Upgraded to HQ),
  33. Vat.lat.3551 (Upgraded to HQ),
  34. Vat.lat.3562,
  35. Vat.lat.3566,
  36. Vat.lat.3568 (Upgraded to HQ),
  37. Vat.lat.3577,
  38. Vat.lat.3578,
  39. Vat.lat.3579,
  40. Vat.lat.3582,
  41. Vat.lat.3583,
  42. Vat.lat.3593,
  43. Vat.lat.3598,
  44. Vat.lat.3600,
  45. Vat.lat.3606,
  46. Vat.lat.3610,
  47. Vat.lat.3613,
  48. Vat.lat.3615 (Upgraded to HQ),
  49. Vat.lat.3618,
  50. Vat.lat.3626,
  51. Vat.lat.3634, Martirium pariter et gesta, the awful story of Ferdinand the Holy Prince, a Portuguese royal who was sent to Morocco as a hostage and died in captivity after his compatriots refused to pay up as promised.
  52. Vat.lat.3637,
  53. Vat.lat.3641,
  54. Vat.lat.3656,
  55. Vat.lat.3670,
  56. Vat.lat.3673,
  57. Vat.lat.3678,
  58. Vat.lat.3679,
  59. Vat.lat.3680,
  60. Vat.lat.3693,
  61. Vat.lat.3699,
  62. Vat.lat.3700,
  63. Vat.lat.3701,
  64. Vat.lat.3702,
  65. Vat.lat.3704,
  66. Vat.lat.3707,
  67. Vat.lat.3714, "Quem veritas virtus et scientia ubique...", author Barnabas de Riatinis. See eTK
  68. Vat.lat.3728,
  69. Vat.lat.7194 (Upgraded to HQ),
This is Piggin's Unofficial List number 171. Thanks to @gundormr for harvesting. If you have corrections or additions, please use the comments box below. Follow me on Twitter (@JBPiggin) for news of more additions to DigiVatLib.

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