2016-10-10

From Larestan

Among the treasures put online this week is the celebrated Vatican Judaeo-Persian Pentateuch. This is a 14th-century translation of part of the bible into Persian from the Aramaic Targum Onkelos.

Vat.pers.61 is written out in Hebrew script, though other contemporary translations from the Mongol era exist in Persian script. I quote from the Encyclopaedia Iranica:
Persian manuscripts were purchased for the ‘Stamperia Orientale Medicea’ by the brothers Giovan Battista Vecchietti (1552-1619), and Gerolamo Vecchietti (1557-ca. 1640) during their several missions to the East commissioned by the papacy... Among the manuscripts brought to Italy by Giovan Battista Vecchietti, mention should be made of a copy of the Judaeo-Persian Pentateuch, preserved at the Vatican Library as MS Vat. Pers. 61 (Rossi, 1948, p. 87). Ignazio Guidi (q.v.) made a preliminary study of it, and Herbert Paper published the text in Latin transliteration (1965-68). 
Vecchietti apparently obtained this fragile old book, which is almost square in format, in the town of Lar, capital of Larestan in Iran, according to Kenneth Thomas.

Here is the full list of digitizations placed online on October 10:
  1. Barb.or.14, Hebrew grammar
  2. Barb.or.82
  3. Barb.or.85
  4. Barb.or.88
  5. Barb.or.98
  6. Barb.or.101
  7. Barb.or.110
  8. Barb.or.119
  9. Barb.or.161
  10. Barb.or.162
  11. Barb.or.163
  12. Borg.turc.79
  13. Reg.gr.31
  14. Reg.gr.36 
  15. Reg.lat.1512, a 14th-century copy of the De Re Militari of Vegetius. According to Charles Shrader, Queen Christina owned numerous of these.
  16. Urb.lat.187, Metaphysica, an Avicenna Latinus of the Renaissance (hat tip for this to Pieter Beullens, @LatinAristotle on Twitter)
  17. Vat.ebr.3
  18. Vat.ebr.6
  19. Vat.ebr.8
  20. Vat.ebr.
  21. Vat.ebr.55
  22. Vat.ebr.56.pt.1
  23. Vat.ebr.56.pt.2
  24. Vat.ebr.58
  25. Vat.ebr.59
  26. Vat.ebr.60
  27. Vat.ebr.61
  28. Vat.ebr.62
  29. Vat.ebr.63
  30. Vat.ebr.64
  31. Vat.ebr.65
  32. Vat.ebr.67
  33. Vat.ebr.68
  34. Vat.ebr.69
  35. Vat.ebr.70
  36. Vat.ebr.73
  37. Vat.ebr.74
  38. Vat.ebr.76
  39. Vat.ebr.77
  40. Vat.ebr.78
  41. Vat.ebr.80
  42. Vat.ebr.81
  43. Vat.ebr.82
  44. Vat.ebr.83
  45. Vat.ebr.84
  46. Vat.ebr.85
  47. Vat.ebr.86
  48. Vat.ebr.88
  49. Vat.ebr.89
  50. Vat.ebr.90
  51. Vat.ebr.91
  52. Vat.ebr.92
  53. Vat.ebr.93
  54. Vat.ebr.94
  55. Vat.ebr.95
  56. Vat.ebr.96
  57. Vat.ebr.97
  58. Vat.ebr.98
  59. Vat.ebr.99
  60. Vat.ebr.254
  61. Vat.ebr.454.pt.3
  62. Vat.ebr.473
  63. Vat.ebr.477
  64. Vat.ebr.480
  65. Vat.ebr.481
  66. Vat.ebr.483
  67. Vat.ebr.488
  68. Vat.ebr.489
  69. Vat.ebr.491
  70. Vat.ebr.495
  71. Vat.ebr.496
  72. Vat.ebr.498
  73. Vat.ebr.507
  74. Vat.ebr.509
  75. Vat.ebr.510
  76. Vat.ebr.511
  77. Vat.ebr.515
  78. Vat.ebr.517
  79. Vat.ebr.518
  80. Vat.ebr.520
  81. Vat.ebr.521
  82. Vat.ebr.522
  83. Vat.ebr.524
  84. Vat.ebr.525
  85. Vat.ebr.526
  86. Vat.ebr.527
  87. Vat.ebr.528
  88. Vat.ebr.529
  89. Vat.ebr.539
  90. Vat.ebr.540
  91. Vat.ebr.541
  92. Vat.ebr.542
  93. Vat.ebr.543
  94. Vat.ebr.545
  95. Vat.ebr.547
  96. Vat.ebr.548
  97. Vat.ebr.549
  98. Vat.ebr.550
  99. Vat.ebr.551
  100. Vat.ebr.552
  101. Vat.ebr.553
  102. Vat.ebr.554
  103. Vat.ebr.555
  104. Vat.ebr.556
  105. Vat.ebr.558
  106. Vat.ebr.559
  107. Vat.ebr.560
  108. Vat.ebr.561
  109. Vat.ebr.563
  110. Vat.ebr.567
  111. Vat.ebr.569
  112. Vat.ebr.570
  113. Vat.ebr.574
  114. Vat.ebr.575
  115. Vat.ebr.576
  116. Vat.ebr.577
  117. Vat.ebr.578
  118. Vat.ebr.579.pt.2
  119. Vat.ebr.580
  120. Vat.ebr.585
  121. Vat.ebr.588
  122. Vat.ebr.590
  123. Vat.ebr.592
  124. Vat.ebr.593
  125. Vat.ebr.594
  126. Vat.ebr.596.pt.1
  127. Vat.ebr.596.pt.2
  128. Vat.ebr.597
  129. Vat.ebr.600
  130. Vat.ebr.601
  131. Vat.ebr.603
  132. Vat.ebr.604
  133. Vat.ebr.605
  134. Vat.ebr.606
  135. Vat.ebr.608
  136. Vat.ebr.613
  137. Vat.ebr.615
  138. Vat.ebr.617
  139. Vat.lat.344
  140. Vat.lat.889
  141. Vat.lat.906
  142. Vat.lat.913
  143. Vat.lat.917
  144. Vat.lat.954
  145. Vat.lat.955
  146. Vat.lat.984
  147. Vat.lat.985, Mich. Angiran's Commentary on the Sentences. Schadt, p. 197 notes 12-13, quotes a curious argument at fol. 161 based on medieval genetics to explain why incest leads to sick babies. The front illumination contains a fine image of a baptism where the tiny altar boy is struggling to hold up the heavy lectionary:
  148. Vat.lat.1000
  149. Vat.lat.1017
  150. Vat.lat.1029
  151. Vat.lat.1058, miscellany including Bonaventura, Lignum Vitae. Those who follow this blog will know that I am interested in tree diagrams, and this contains a diagram presenting people in a tree at fol 28v. This is an exceptionally early adoption of the idea, dating from the 13th century:
    The figure at right is not waving fists in a victory pose. Those are only tendrils. As Hermann Schadt notes, Bonaventura (1221-1274) discussed Christ's cross as a "tree of life" with 12 branches and invited his readers to dwell on and explore this symbolism. The graphic is not a data visualization, but the artistic motif helps to prepare the ground for genealogical trees in later centuries.
  152. Vat.lat.1068
  153. Vat.lat.1087
  154. Vat.lat.1819, Latin translation of Dionysius Halicarnassensis, Antiquitates romanae, lib. I-XI - 15th century manuscript
  155. Vat.lat.1848, Livy, Ad Urbe Condita, 15th or 16th century
  156. Vat.lat.3317, 10th-century copy of Servius, In Vergilium, apparently on Georgics I. Lowe notes its Beneventan script.
  157. Vat.lat.7319, Seneca, Epistulae ad Lucilium, with a fine opening illumination from Brussels
  158. Vat.pers.61, see above
This is Piggin's Unofficial List 71. If you have corrections or additions, please use the comments box below. Follow me on Twitter (@JBPiggin) for news of more additions to Digita Vaticana.

Schadt, Hermann. Die Darstellungen der Arbores Consanguinitatis und der Arbores Affinitatis: Bildschemata in juristischen Handschriften. T├╝bingen [Germany]: Wasmuth, 1982.

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